[Sketch map of Co. Wexford]

Artist(s) : Arthur Young (Draughtsman)

Very simple sketch map of part of Co. Wexford. Named places include Mount Leinster in the north-east of the county, Slievecoiltia, Great Island, Forth Mountain and Dunbrody Abbey.

Inscribed in Image

  • Text within boundaries of image – Mount Leinster above 26 Irish miles / Slievkeiltha / Hill iles / great Island / Dunbrawdy Abby//Mount of For[th] about [?].

Image Details

Genre Scientific or Technical illustration
Technique Wash drawings
Subject(s) Agriculture, Antiquities and archaeological sites, Nature
Geographical Location
  • Wexford - County
  • Leinster - Province
Keywords(s) Churches, Mountains, Rivers
Colour Monochrome
Dimensions 12 cm x 7 cm
Published / created 1870

Bibliographical Details

Travel Account A Tour in Ireland [Young; copy with unique drawings]
Contributor(s)
Print or manuscript Print
Location of image in copy opp. p. 81
Source copy National Library of Ireland LO 10203
Permalink
Rights Courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

Related text from travel account

Entering Forth I did not perceive any difference, but the soil is a reddish good loam without stones. I went to St. Margaret's, and introduced myself to Colonel Nun, who gave me the following particulars, with the assistance of a neighbouring farmer. Barony of Forth and Bargie farms generally 20 to 80 acres; but many of them hired in partnership, and when the children marry are subdivided into smaller portions. Rent of the two baronies on an average a guinea. The courses: / 1. Potatoes. 2. Flax or barley. 3. Leave it for a sod but most sod clover and grasses / 1. Summer fallow. 2. Barley. 3. Beans. 4. Oats. 5.Grasses. / 1 . Beans on lay. 2. Barley. 3. Oats. 4. Barley. 5. Clover or trefoile, for 2, 3, or 4 years./ 1. Fallow and marle. 2. Wheat. 3. Barley. 4. Oats. 5. Barley. 6. Clover, &c. / For wheat they plough but once on the lay, harrow in the seed and shovel the furrows; sow in October one-half to three-fourths of a barrel: some use spring wheat sown in March. The crop generally is 10 to 20 barrels. For barley, which is their principal crop, they plough twice; sow one barrel and an half, get 10 to 15 barrels an acre. For oats they plough but once, sow one barrel and an half, and get 10 or 12 barrels an acre. For pease or beans they plough but once, sow many beans on a lay on one ploughing, one barrel and an half per acre-, chopping and dressing the clods fine, get 5 to 20 barrels an acre, and sow barley after it. No turnips among the common farmers, though much of their land is fine dry and sound, but some is very wet. Flax enough for their own use. Potatoes they have of late began to put in with the plough, but in common they are in the trenching way. Their crops are very good. Marle is very much // used: it is a blue sort. They lay large quantities on the sod, let it lie a year or two before they plough it up, which they find better than ploughing it directly. They marle the same land often: they drain only with open cuts, no hollow ones done. Cattle very little attended to: only a cow or two for the use of their families, and a few sheep; but they keep a great many pigs. All that live near the sea, turn their pigs to the shore for fish, sea- weed, &c. Manure with sea- weed, which they lay on for barley; some fresh from the sea, others lay it in heaps to rot, and many reckon it best fresh. Ploughing all with horses, four in a plough; lay their lands round to shoot off the water. In ploughing grass for corn, they leave one-third of every ridge unploughed in the middle, but covered up with the furrows, in order for tilling the year following, and think they get the best crops there. Execrable! Land fells from 22 to 25 years purchase; nor have rents fallen at all, rather the contrary. County cess 8d. an acre. Tythes either gathered or appraised every year. Leases generally three lives, or 31 years. Carry their corn to Wexford. The people increase prodigiously. Rent of a cabbin and an acre 3l. generally have a cow and pigs, and plenty of poultry. Religion generally Catholic. Many lads go to Newfoundland in May, and come home in October, and bring from 15l. to 24l. pay 3l. passage out, and 1l. 10s. home. Poors' firing sod, furze, and fern, coals very scarce. Building a cottage 5l. to 7l. to a farm of 50 acres 150l. The people are uncommonly industrious, and a most quiet race — in 15 or 20 years there is no such thing as a robbery. The little farmers live very comfortably and happily, and many of them worth several hundred pounds. They are exceedingly attentive in getting mould out of the ditches and banks, to mix a little dung with it, and spread it on their land. / Particulars of a farm : 70 acres. 16 cows, 4 to each partner. 20 horses, each 5. 80 sheep. 60 swine. Stock worth 300l. 4 families. And this farm by old accounts has had 90 crops of corn without a fallow or grass, in succession, but they manure with sea-weed and sea-sand every year. They are always on the watch for sea-weed; and when the tide comes in, if it is in the middle of the night, they go out with their cars, and get all they can. Some of the fields are so covered with great stone rocks, that one would think it impossible to plough them, but they manage it by attention. They all speak a broken Saxon language, and not one in an hundred knows any thing of Irish. They are evidently a distinct people; and I could not but remark, their features and cast of countenance varied very much from the common native Irish. The girls and women are handsomer, having much better features and complexions. Indeed the // women, among the lower classes in general in Ireland, are as ugly as the women of fashion are handsome. Their industry, as I have mentioned in several particulars, is superior to their neighbours; and their better living and habitations are also distinctions not to be forgotten. The poor have all barley-bread and pork, herrings, &c. and potatoes. On the coast a considerable fishery of herrings: every creek has four or five boats — none barreled by the people, but the merchants of Wexford barrel them for the Weft Indies. From St. Margaret's, I took the road to Wexford, the whole way through the barony of Forth. I saw nothing but straw hats for men as well as women, and found afterwards that they were worn through the whole county, and they give a comic appearance to every group one meets. Laid at the King's Arms at Wexford, a very clean and good inn. There are 14 or 15 small ships belonging to this port, but a bar at the mouth of the harbour prevents large ones coming in. [pp. 80-82]
Sketch map of Co. Wexford