Artist(s) : Arthur Young (Draughtsman)

Greyscale ink wash drawing of a plough, with scale in inches.

Inscribed in Image

  • Text within boundaries of image – Scale of an inch to a foot.
  • Instructions to binder – 239

Image Details

Genre Scientific or Technical illustration
Technique Wash drawings
Subject(s) Agriculture
Keywords(s) Agricultural equipment, Farming, Ploughs
Colour Monochrome
Dimensions 18 cm x 25.3 cm
Published / created 1780

Bibliographical Details

Travel Account A Tour in Ireland [Young; copy with unique drawings]
Print or manuscript Print
Location of image in copy opp. p. 238
Source copy National Library of Ireland LO 10203
Rights Courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

Related text from travel account

Much heath wasteland, many hundreds of acres every year are brought in by paring and burning for rape, but use no manure for it; after that wheat, and get good crops, and then two, three, or four crops of oats, good ones; then left for grass, and comes tolerable herbage, worth 5 s. an acre. The principal grazing system consists in a union of both rearing and fattening; the rearing farms generally at a considerable distance from the rich lands on the Fergus and Shannon. The most profitable management of grazing, is to buy in year-olds upon this system, but it can only be done, by hewing a variety of land, commonly at a distance. It is found much more beneficial than buying in bullocks in autumn, and cows in May, as the Meath graziers do. The average price of the year-olds, is from 2 l. 2 s. to 2 l. 1 os. and the price sold at four and a half year-olds, weighing 4 ½ cwt. 4 3/4 , to 5 ¼ cwt. is on an average at 8 l. For cows bought in in May, 3 l. 3 s. to 3 l. 12 s. and sell at 5 l. 1 os. An acre of the corcals land will fatten one of these bullocks, but then it must not be winter-fed at all. Sheep, on an average, shear three to a stone of 16 lb. and sell at 1 s. per lb. Mr. Macnamara sold this year 55 bags, besides his lambs wool; the weight is from six hundred, to seven and a half, fifty stone, and this year's price 17 s. 6 d. a stone. Upon the lime-stone sheep-walks of this county, they keep from one and a half to five; on an average, three. The loss on stock-sheep, bullocks, &c. will not amount to more than one percent, on the value. For hiring and flocking a grazing farm, three rents are reckoned to do. Those bullocks that are to be fattened the summer following, they give hay most part of the winter, for four or five months, as much as they will eat, which will be half an acre of good meadow. [p. 239]