John Heaviside Clark

Born 1770
Died 1836
Place of Birth Scotland
Place of Death Edinburgh
Gender Male
Biographical Notes Originally from Scotland, John Heaviside Clark (c. 1771-1863) worked in London from 1802 to 1832, as an aquatint engraver, book illustrator and landscape and marine painter. He often collaborated with Matthew Dubourg, another London-based aquatint engraver of sporting, military and topographical views. One source notes that he first sent an exhibit to the Royal Academy in 1801 (Lane 1978), while the Academy’s record indicates that he exhibited there from 1812 to 1832. He was known as ‘Waterloo Clark’ as a result of the sketches he made immediately after the battle of Waterloo. The numerous works to which he contributed include several relating to travel and to sport. Among the latter are Foreign Field Sports, Fisheries, Sporting Anecdotes, &c. &c. with a supplement of New South Wales (1813-1814) and Thomas Aiken’s National Sports of Great Britain (1821). He was also active as a drawing-master who wrote and illustrated instruction-books for professional and amateur artists, such as A Practical Essay on the Art of Colouring and Painting Landscapes in Watercolours (1807); A Practical Illustration of Gilpin's Day, representing the various effects on landscape scenery from morning till night (1824); The Amateur's Assistant: or, A Series of Instructions in Sketching from Nature, the Application of Perspective, Tinting of Sketches, Drawing in Watercolours, Transparent Painting, &c. (1826); and Elements of Drawing and Painting in Water Colours (1838).
A further noteworthy contribution by Clark to the development of the taste for the picturesque came through his collaboration with Samuel Leigh, with the production of the ‘Myriorama’, which allowed its users to construct their own landscapes from interchangeable cards, and the ‘Portable Diorama; consisting of Romantic, Grand, and Picturesque Scenery’, aimed at ‘the families of the nobility and gentry’, for which The Amateur’s Assistant was an accompaniment, encouraging ‘young persons’ to make their own pictures for the diorama.
John Heaviside Clark died in Edinburgh in 1836.

Sources:
J.R. Abbey, Travel in Aquatint and Lithography 1770-1860: from the library of J.R. Abbey; a bibliographical catalogue, 2 vols (London: Priv. print. at the Curwen Press, 1956-57).
Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), sub nomine.
Michael Bryan (1886), ‘Clark, John Heaviside’. In Robert Edmund Graves, Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers. Vol. 1 (A–K) (London: George Bell & Sons, 1886).
Charles Lane, Sporting aquatints and their engravers: 1785-1820, 2 vols (Leigh-on-Sea: F. Lewis, 1978-1979).
Vanessa Toulmin, ‎Simon Popple (eds), Visual delights 2: exhibition and reception (New Barnet: John Libbey, 2005).

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